The Carniolan, "Carnies" for short, are a subspecies of the western honey bee native to Slovenia, Austria, parts of Crotia, Bosnia, Serbia, Romania, Hungary, and Bulgaria. Currently, the Carniolan is the second most popular beekeeping bee after the Italian.

They are favored for many reasons. The Carniolan is known for winter hardiness and quick spring build up. Being resistance to several types of mites they defend themselves against pests and have a gentle nature with their keepers. They are effective honey producers and strong comb builders. The Carniolan is distinguished in it's dusty brown coloring offset by a stripe of a shade lighter. This is darkest colored line of bees.



The Buckfast is a cross of many different types of bees, primarlily North Italian, English, French, Turkish, and Greek. Also, containing heritage from two rare and docile African stocks A. m. sahariensis and the A. m. monticola. Investigated deeply and developed over the span of 70 years by Brother Adam, a monk at Buckfast Abbey in the United Kingdom, the Buckfast bee is a fervent forager, vigorous, robust, and fertile breed. It's fertility showing in producing at least 9 frames of broods between May and July. They are resistant to disease, winter with frugalness, and have lessened chalkbrood and wax moths from their enviable housecleaning techniques.

In the 1986 BBC-affiliated documentary, The Monk and the Honey Bee, more than 400 pounds of honey are reported to have been produced by a single Buckfast colony.


Minnesota Hygienic

Because of recent resistance to pesticides and the resulting decimating infestation of mites into colonies, the hygienic character of particular bees is a focal point of breeding. Thus, the Minnesota Hygienic.

University of Minnesota bee expert Marla Spivak, who started the Minnesota Hygienic bee line, said natural selection offers the best solution because chemical treatments no longer are effective against bee diseases and parasites.

Horsecreek Honey Farm Bees

Horsecreek Honey Farms continues to expand its' bee yards across the Southeast. Hundreds of hives cover South Carolina, southwestern North Carolina and north and southeastern Georgia.

Through the years, various bee varieties have been introduced in our apiaries such as Carniolan, Buckfast, Minnesota hygienic, Italian and even Russian honeybees. Today the apiaries are filled with the outcome of these crosses. By using the queens of our highest honey producers, with minimum swarming tendencies and survivors of today’s stresses and pests we feel that Horsecreek Honey Farms has arrived with Queens and hives that best suit the needs of today’s beekeepers.

At an early age, when Farron Tucker first started beekeeping, his Uncle Heyward set forth methods that we have not abandoned. Added experience and experiments has given Horsecreek Honey Farms a new edge helping to meet the demanding struggles of today’s beekeeper.

Each March and April, we provide a limited number of Bee Packages on our online store. Scheduled pickup are chosen and we set aside an entire day to spend meeting with our seasoned customers, new beekeepers, and those experienced alike. We love to share our knowledge of bees.